Thoreau, Emerson, and Transcendentalism

It contains "History," "Self-Reliance,""Compensation," "Spiritual Laws," "Love," "Friendship,""Prudence," "Heroism," "The Over-Soul," "Circles," "Intellect,"and "Art." The second series of Essays (1844) includes "ThePoet," "Manners," and "Character." In it Emerson tempered theoptimism of the first volume of essays, placing less emphasis onthe self and acknowledging the limitations of real life.

In the interval between the publication of these two volumes,Emerson wrote for The Dial, the journal of New EnglandTranscendentalism, which was founded in 1840 with Margaret Fuller(later famous as a critic and feminist) as editor.

Emerson’s influence | Transcendentalism

they showed such an influence that readers suspected their true author was Emerson.

Emerson s Influence on Thoreau Essay - 728 Words

During the early to mid-nineteenth century the Unitarian denomination experienced a counter-reformation, which started with the Transcendentalists. The Transcendentalists were a constituency within the Unitarian church that desired to reform the church. They wanted to rid the church of its rationalism and infuse a naturalistic religion. The movement away from a rational religious understanding to a naturalistic one necessarily would include transforming the Unitarian view of God. The Transcendentalists were writers and thinkers like Henry David Thoreau, Theodore Parker, George Ripley, and most importantly, Ralph Waldo Emerson. Many of the Transcendentalists were brought up in the Unitarian church. They preached the idea of finding God through nature and natural experience. The Transcendentalists’, especially Emerson’s, ideals of individuality and self-reliance moved Unitarianism from corporate experience and traditional worship to an emphasis on individual worship.

Ecstasy of Influence - The New Yorker

[The following are excerpts of a paper submitted in April for Senior Honors research in the Department of History and Political Science, School of Arts and Sciences, Longwood College, Virginia. Bibliographical information in the footnotes has been edited to conserve space. We believe the author sheds needed light on how the Christian convictions of American Unitarianism were destroyed by Emerson’s assault on the Bible and his assertion that all people are divine. Sounds like “ye shall be as gods” (Gen. 3:5 – KJV)].

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Emerson had meanwhile become seriously interested in thePoetry, Philosophy and Essays of such persons as Plato, Plotinus,Swedenborg, Victor Cousin, Carlyle, Coleridge, and Wordsworth.

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His (first series) were published in 1841. Meanwhile, tragedy struck with the sudden death of his five-year old son Waldo in 1842, soon after the death of John Thoreau from lockjaw, and a darker, tougher strain appears in Emerson's writing, beginning with his memorializing poem, But Emerson pulled himself together to give a series of lectures in New York and in 1844 he had a prepared.

SparkNotes: A Room with a View: Characters

Emersonhimself admitted that he owed much to her influence.

In 1836 Emerson helped to start a group of ideas that becameknown as the Transcendental Club and published, anonymously andat his own expense, "Nature", a slender work which has beendepicted as "the first document of that remarkable outburst ofRomanticism on Puritan ground" and which many see as being not so much as being about Nature as about self-justifying Emerson's decision to resign his appointment as a Christian minister and to embark on a "New Calling."

The opening paragraph reads :-

"Our age is retrospective.

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(Cousin, Carlyle, Coleridge and Wordsworth had themselves beengreatly influenced by the "Transcendentalism" of ImmanuelKant!!!).

On Christmas Day, 1832, Emerson left the United States for atour of Europe.

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The two events that initiated the changes in the Unitarian church was the essential establishment of the congregation by Unitarian minister William Ellery Channing and the Divinity Hall Address delivered by Ralph Waldo Emerson. Emerson was the chief liberal of the liberal Christians; he embraced the fashionable philosophies of his time and stood against the Christian doctrine within the Unitarian congregation. While it is not the case that every person within the denomination adopted his views, Emerson’s natural philosophy influenced enough people that schism, evolution, and reestablishment necessarily occurred. This is religious transformation at its finest.