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19/07/2010 · EFFECTS OF ADVERTISING
In summary, the purpose of this study was to examine the interaction of parental supervision and offspring alcohol use from late childhood through middle adolescence. We hypothesized that higher supervision levels would correlate with lower alcohol use levels and that adolescents with higher levels of childhood psychological dysregulation and alcohol use would predict less effective parental supervision. In addition to taking childhood psychological dysregulation into consideration, the study uses a novel statistical modeling approach to distinguish effects of parental supervision and alcohol involvement that are global in nature from stage-specific effects within and across late childhood, early adolescence, and middle adolescence.
Social and Cultural Aspects of Drinking - Bibliography
Parental supervision may be considered to have global as well as developmentally specific features. While parents may have general tendencies to be more or less involved in supervising their adolescents, the specific skills required for carrying out parental responsibilities change from late childhood through adolescence. Similarly, adolescents exhibit both a general propensity toward alcohol use and developmentally specific alcohol use behaviors. Recent developments in statistical modeling and related software facilitate the discrimination of these global and specific factors. Analogous to the state-trait model,, a statistical model may be developed that considers global and developmentally specific characteristics as well as their interactions over time. Specifically, this approach allows the partitioning of a construct’s variance into a global factor that spans developmental states and developmental stage specific variability. We will call this the global-specific developmental model. In this model, alcohol use reported during a specific developmental stage is conceptualized as due to the influence of the global alcohol use factor, the previous alcohol use measurement (i.e., autoregressive carryover), stage-specific parental supervision, and unique sources of variation including measurement error. This method was expected to provide information about the relationship between parental supervision and adolescents’ alcohol use not typically evident in results using more conventional statistical approaches.
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