Common and Rare Side Effects for Anthrax Vaccine ..

The data showed that one dose of each vaccine provided "significant protection."(68) However, the authors of the study also noted that "results of recent studies show that anthrax vaccines vary in their efficacy among different species."(69) And like the earlier primate study, the monkeys were only exposed to a single strain of anthrax.

2001 anthrax attacks - Wikipedia

Find out why the anthrax vaccine side effects are just as dangerous as the anthrax bacteria itself.

Anthrax and Anthrax Vaccines: Adverse Reactions. …

human anthrax vaccine may protect adult rhesus monkeys against inhalation anthrax for up to two years, it is important to note that they were only exposed to a single strain of the disease.

The anthrax vaccine is dangerous

Researchers are currently aware of more than 1300 strains of anthrax.(64) The authors of this study also note that "immune mechanisms against inhalation anthrax may vary in different animal species." Thus, "these findings suggest...that the ability of the licensed human anthrax vaccine to stimulate cell-mediated immunity may be greater in some species than others."(65) Earlier studies using guinea pigs and mice already demonstrated this.(66) Animals also differ from humans in their immunological responses.

Anthrax: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis - Healthline

Pathogenic endospores reach a primary site in the subcutaneous layer, gastrointestinal mucosa, or alveolar spaces. For cutaneous and gastrointestinal anthrax, low-level germination occurs at the primary site, leading to local edema and necrosis. Endospores are phagocytosed by macrophages and germinate. Macrophages containing bacilli detach and migrate to the regional lymph node. Vegetative anthrax bacilli grow in the lymph node, creating regional hemorrhagic lymphadenitis. Bacteria spread through the blood and lymph and increase to high numbers, causing severe septicemia. High levels of exotoxins are produced that are responsible for overt symptoms and death. In a small number of cases, systemic anthrax can lead to meningeal involvement by means of lymphatic or hematogenous spread. In cases of pulmonary anthrax, peribronchial hemorrhagic lymphadenitis blocks pulmonary lymphatic drainage, leading to pulmonary edema. Death results from septicemia, toxemia, or pulmonary complications and can occur one to seven days after exposure.

Inhalation Anthrax - Anthrax Home Page

vaccine.(58-61)In 1993, the Journal of Infectious Diseases published a study in which monkeys were administered an anthrax vaccine shortly after being exposed to the disease.

Anthrax is a disease caused by a bacterium called Bacillus anthracis

Here are some excerpts from that Congressional Hearing:(84)
An extensive historical account
of the anthrax vaccine in the military
may be found in the book:

The Anthrax Immunization Connection Thomas J

Anthrax is an often fatal bacterial infection that occurs when endospores enter the body through abrasions in the skin or by inhalation or ingestion. It is a zoonosis to which most mammals, especially grazing herbivores, are considered susceptible. Human infections result from contact with contaminated animals or animal products, and there are no known cases of human-to-human transmission. Human anthrax is not common, and only one of us has seen a case. Cutaneous anthrax, the most common form, is usually curable. A small percentage of cutaneous infections become systemic, and these can be fatal. Systemic infection resulting from inhalation of the organism has a mortality rate approaching 100 percent, with death usually occurring within a few days after the onset of symptoms. The rate of mortality among persons with infection resulting from ingestion is variable, depending on the outbreak, but it may also approach 100 percent. Whatever the portal of entry, systemic anthrax involves massive bacteremia and toxemia with nondescript initial symptoms until the onset of hypotension, shock, and sudden death. Manifestations of advanced disease, including shock and sudden death, are believed to result from the action of the exotoxin complex secreted by anthrax bacilli. The efficacy of therapy, if initiated during the incubation period, and the rapid course of the disease once symptoms appear make early intervention an absolute necessity. Inglesby et al. have provided a description of the policies and strategies for dealing with anthrax as a biologic weapon. The goal of this article is to familiarize physicians with the current understanding of the pathogenesis, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of anthrax.

A Look at Each Vaccine | Children's Hospital of …

army researchers published the results of a new study in which 25 adult rhesus monkeys received two injections of the human anthrax vaccine (two weeks apart).