2001 anthrax attacks - Wikipedia
Anthrax and Anthrax Vaccines: Adverse Reactions. …
human anthrax vaccine may protect adult rhesus monkeys against inhalation anthrax for up to two years, it is important to note that they were only exposed to a single strain of the disease.
The anthrax vaccine is dangerous
Researchers are currently aware of more than 1300 strains of anthrax.(64) The authors of this study also note that "immune mechanisms against inhalation anthrax may vary in different animal species." Thus, "these findings suggest...that the ability of the licensed human anthrax vaccine to stimulate cell-mediated immunity may be greater in some species than others."(65) Earlier studies using guinea pigs and mice already demonstrated this.(66) Animals also differ from humans in their immunological responses.
Anthrax: Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis - Healthline
Pathogenic endospores reach a primary site in the subcutaneous layer, gastrointestinal mucosa, or alveolar spaces. For cutaneous and gastrointestinal anthrax, low-level germination occurs at the primary site, leading to local edema and necrosis. Endospores are phagocytosed by macrophages and germinate. Macrophages containing bacilli detach and migrate to the regional lymph node. Vegetative anthrax bacilli grow in the lymph node, creating regional hemorrhagic lymphadenitis. Bacteria spread through the blood and lymph and increase to high numbers, causing severe septicemia. High levels of exotoxins are produced that are responsible for overt symptoms and death. In a small number of cases, systemic anthrax can lead to meningeal involvement by means of lymphatic or hematogenous spread. In cases of pulmonary anthrax, peribronchial hemorrhagic lymphadenitis blocks pulmonary lymphatic drainage, leading to pulmonary edema. Death results from septicemia, toxemia, or pulmonary complications and can occur one to seven days after exposure.
Inhalation Anthrax - Anthrax Home Page
vaccine.(58-61)In 1993, the Journal of Infectious Diseases published a study in which monkeys were administered an anthrax vaccine shortly after being exposed to the disease.