SIGMUND FREUD - Shippensburg University
His contributions to psychology are vast
6th International Psychoanalytic Congress held at the Hague (the first after the War)
1921: Publishes 'Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego'
1923 'The Ego and the Id' deals with a new account of the structure of the mind, revising the 'conscious/pre-conscious/ unconscious' distinction to be found in 'The Interpretation of Dreams'
Main theories Sigmund Freud developed:
Psychosexual Development/ Infantile Sexuality/Psyche
Psychoanalysis/ Defense Mechanisms
a repressed memory of an early childhood sexual abuse or molestation experience was the essential precondition for hysterical or obsessional symptoms, with the addition of an active sexual experience up to the age of eight for the latter.
This theory requires two conditions:
Sigmund Freud - Psychologist World
A particular problem for testing Freudian theories is that almost anything that conflicts with a prediction based in Freudian theory can be explained away in terms of the use of a defense mechanism. A man who expresses a lot of anger toward his father may be seen via Freudian theory to be experiencing the Oedipus complex, which includes conflict with the father. But a man who expresses no anger at all toward the father also may be seen as experiencing the Oedipus complex by repressing the anger. Because Freud hypothesized that either was possible, but did not specify when repression would or would not occur, the theory is difficult to falsify.