Balenciaga's mother was a seamstress.

From left: French model showing printed chiffon coat and dress by Balenciaga at a fashion show in 1951; Cristobal Balenciaga stands for a portrait in France, circa 1927.

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Later Years
- Balenciaga was viewed as a master of haute couture in the 1950s and 1960s for his simple highly sculptural designs.
-He closed his house in 1968 in order to retire.
- He would teach fashion classes and inspire designers such as Hubert Givenchy and Oscar De La Renta.
- His house would see a revival in the 2000s under the direction of Nicolas Ghesquiere.

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- In 1955 Balenciaga designed his famous tunic dress which would transform into the chemise dress.

- In 1959 Balenciaga designed Empire dresses with very high waists and his Kimono dresses.

Balenciaga completely transformed the traditional silhouette by making clothing with broad shoulders and no waist.
This was one of the most fashionable areas of Paris to open a boutique.- Yet again, Balenciaga was derailed by war.

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The son of a fisherman and a seamstress, Cristóbal Balenciaga began working for a tailor when he was 12. A local noblewoman noted his talent and sent him to train in Madrid, where he learned to cut, drape and fit his own patterns — skills that would wow fellow designers for the rest of his life. Balenciaga set up his couture shop in 1937, and in the 1950s he dramatically reinvented the female silhouette by broadening the shoulders and removing the waist, as seen in his enduring creations like the tunic dress, chemise dress, baby-doll dress and balloon skirt. His influence lives on not just in his own fashion house (now run by Nicolas Ghesquière) but also in his former students and apprentices. Oscar de la Renta, Emanuel Ungaro and Hubert de Givenchy are among his mentees.

Cristóbal Balenciaga's exquisite craftsmanship and innovative designs shaped modern fashion

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The son of a fisherman and a seamstress, Cristóbal Balenciaga began working for a tailor when he was 12. A local noblewoman noted his talent and sent him to train in Madrid, where he learned to cut, drape and fit his own patterns — skills that would wow fellow designers for the rest of his life. Balenciaga set up his couture shop in 1937, and in the 1950s he dramatically reinvented the female silhouette by broadening the shoulders and removing the waist, as seen in his enduring creations like the tunic dress, chemise dress, baby-doll dress and balloon skirt. His influence lives on not just in his own fashion house (now run by Nicolas Ghesquière) but also in his former students and apprentices. Oscar de la Renta, Emanuel Ungaro and Hubert de Givenchy are among his mentees.

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He later expanded to urban centers Barcelona and Madrid.
The Spanish Civil War forced Balenciaga to close all his Spanish stores and move to Paris.
Paris
- Balenciaga opened his Paris boutique on Avenue George V in 1937.