An Interpretation of Courtly Love - UTK
Courtly Love isn’t about Love, You Piece of ..
they may be understood as five degrees of intimacy. Courtly lovers were permitted all except the last, also known as "the gift of mercy" or "the reward." Even here we must draw finer distinctions, for in some cases coitus without ejaculation may have been permitted. The rationale was that ejaculation quenches desire and, especially if pregnancy results, transfers the relationship from Eros (eternal longing) to Venus (procreation). (This was the mistake of Francesca and Paolo, which so frightened Dante.) Given the practical and spiritual dangers, abstinence was probably the safer course for most couples. So long as desire persisted, Eros was present, for it was desire that allowed divine union, according to the Fedeli d'Amore. Therefore, in courtly love desire had to remain unsatisfied.
Rules of Love & Marriage in Medieval, Celtic and Middle Ages
The Lovers Oracle is a romantic set of 44 heart-shaped cards, with images from Toni Carmine Salerno's art and short phrases meant to inspire love. The cards are also packaged in a red, heart-shaped box with a 44-page booklet.
courtly culture and political life in ..
1983-5)Of course, Chaucer shows us that May's partial resistance to her culture'svalues is deeply compromised by the situation in which she has learnt toexist.
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Protestant writers treated sex as a normal part of conjugal relationships, a sign of love between husband and wife, rather than a failing that required a procreative purpose to excuse it.
literature - Dizionario inglese-italiano WordReference
In this silence Chaucer mirrors the prevailingrelationships between leading secular groups and the orthodox church, aswell as the latter's inability to transform practices and attitudes in whichit was fully immersed. Thinking about the church's role here, we mayalso see how it recalls what Noonan and Kelly described as its `failure toincorporate love into the purpose of marital intercourse', the absence of`mutual love between the spouses' in theologians' and canonists' lists ofthe chief ends of marital union. The fragmentation of love, marriage andsexuality in dominant and traditional ideology had its counterpart in therelationships experienced by individuals, as Chaucer's poetry continues toreveal.