Also learn about Cortez and the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs.

In the southeast (Honduras) the people of Copan expanded theirterritory during the long reigns of Butz Chan (578-628) and SmokeImix (628-95). Great Copan building was continued by EighteenJog (Rabbit); but he was captured and sacrificed in 738 by Quiriguaruler Cauac Sky, who celebrated their increased power by inauguratinga century of building. Copan declined, and its last monument wasdated 822. Quirigua's power seems to have been more suddenly eclipsedby occupation, and their last record was in 810. Most of the Mayancities in the southern and central lowlands declined during the9th century, and the last known inscriptions of Palenque and PiedrasNegras, like those of Yaxchilan, related to military issues. Numerouscauses for the decline have been suggested, such as disease, overpopulation,ecological disasters, revolutions, fatalism, wars, conquest bythe Putun Maya, and trade isolation. Probably it was some combinationof these factors. Yet it can also be argued that the end of theperiod of massive architecture and inscriptions glorifying theirrulers did not mean the end of Mayan civilization but merely theend of an era in which a powerful elite ruled large numbers ofpeasants. When the large kingdoms broke up, social mobility becamemore possible.

Hernán Cortés: Conqueror of the Aztecs - Live Science

Aztlán is the land where, according to Aztec tradition, their tribe originated.

That's how the Aztecs did things

In the decade before the Spanish arrived in Mexico, Aztec Emperor Montezuma II and his people were filled with a sense of foreboding. A series of evil omens had foretold of calamities to come. A fiery comet crossed the sky. The temple of Huitzilopochtli, the god of war, burst into flames. The Lake of Mexico boiled and rose, flooding into houses. A weeping woman passed by in the middle of the night, crying "My children, we must flee far away from this city!" Fishermen discovered a bird that wore a strange mirror in the crown of its head. Montezuma looked into the mirror and saw a distant plain, with people making war against each other and riding on the backs of animals resembling deer.

Hernán Cortés: Master of the Conquest | HistoryNet

In lectures I emphasize that, like European contemporaries, preconquest Mesoamerican societies were urban, agricultural, literate, and militaristic, but the myths persist. I use primary sources to dispel student convictions that Latin America is a dismal place, forever scarred by the oppression of backward Spanish civilization against poor, dark-skinned victims.


What factors led to the Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire?

This exercise also requires the teacher to supply background lecture material or readings to supplement the primary sources before students can answer basic questions about author’s profile and intended audience. I find that students need to be encouraged to be as specific as possible with their answers. They often need help making connections between the Sahagún source and information from lectures and secondary sources on Mesoamerican societies. While they easily understand the cultural assumptions of the Spaniards, they remain somewhat perplexed by the Mexican view of the conquest. This is a challenge for me as a teacher. Students also have to be reminded that the Sahagún text was a collection of multiple accounts by anonymous Nahuas and not a single author.

9 Things You Didn’t Know About Cortés’ Conquest of the Aztec

In April 1520, Velázquez sent an expedition to capture Cortés. As Cortés left to fight the expedition, an Aztec revolt began in Tenochtitlán. Cortés returned and obliged Montezuma to face the crowd, but the Aztec leader was struck by a stone and died. The Spanish were driven out of the city, incurring heavy losses.

The Spanish conquest of the Mexicas, more commonly …

Hernán (or Hernando) Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellín, western Spain. He initially studied law but left university to make his fortune in the Americas.

What Impact did the Conquest have on Aztec Society ..

In 1504 he sailed for Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic), moving to Cuba in 1511 where he assisted Diego Velázquez in his conquest of the island and made his reputation for courage and daring.

Cortes enjoyed the admiration of the Aztecs as a god-man.

According to Aztec legend at the beginning of the 12th century until the 13th century, the Aztec peoples migrated south to the Valley of Mexico in search of a place to settle.