11th International Coral Reef Symposium

2) coral bleachinghas been observed 3) fraudulent temperature records saw a rise intemperature. 4) computer models predict more warming. 5) CO2may/must be absorbed by the oceans, causing a drop in pH 6) thismay affect many organisms. Conclusion: CO2 is catastrophic at currentlevels.“Damage to shallow reef communities will become extensive with consequentreduction of biodiversity followed by extinctions,” they add.

Coral reefs would submerge by sealevel rise in this century.

ASTER has provided effective data for mapping coral reeflandforms and benthic communities.

NOAA Coral Reef Watch Curriculum

In the lead up to UnitedNations Copenhagen Climate Change Conference Professors Charlie Veron (formerChief Scientist, Australian Institute of Marine Science) and Ove Hoegh-Guldbergof the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies and The Universityof Queensland, have urged the world’s leaders to adopt a maximum globalemission target of 325 parts per million (ppm).

Remote Sensing and Coral Reefs ..

And all three assumptionsare wrong.“Future acidification depends on how much CO2 humans emit from hereon – but by the year 2100 various indicatethat the oceans have acidified by a further0.3 to 0.4 pH units, which is more than many organisms like corals canstand”, Prof.

Status of data aquisition at specific coral reefs can belisted up by this database.

Real coral sand only occurs in the vicinity of coral reefs

U31A-11 INVITEDCoral reefs in the world are under the crisis of degradation both byincreasing human activities in coastal zone and by the global changes.

Coral Reef Remote Sensing by James A

39. Wijgerde, T. (2012, December). Aquarium Corals: Feeding and oxygen affect coral growth: implications for coral aquaculture. InAdvanced Aquarist. Retrieved from

Mapping Coral Reefs « Landsat Science

Models of coral reef ecosystems, parameterized by process measurements and scaled in time-space using remote sensing, have the potential to address pressing research questions that are central to devising valid management strategies (Grigg el al., 1984; Hatcher, 1997b). To attain this goal, ecosystem-level models that integrate studies of physical and chemical forcing with observed biological and geological responses are required. This interdisciplinary approach to understanding reef biogeochemical dynamics can allow investigations that integrate the scales of time and space (Hatcher, 1997a), thereby enabling prediction of coral reef change (Andréfouët and Payri, 2001). In turn, prediction of holistic ecosystem function within various environmental focusing scenarios has substantial promise in mitigating future disturbance. Indeed, management of coral reefs at the ecosystem level has been suggested as the only meaningful approach to preserving coral reefs (Bohnsack and Ault, 1996; Christensen et al., 1996).

To learn more about mapping coral reefs, visit the University of South Florida’s  (external link).

Remote sensing of coral reefs and their physical environment

The grids with coral reefscorrespond to path/rows of the satellite (MOS1, JERS-1, ADEOS, LANDSAT,SPOT and TERRA) and basic information (existence of data, satellite andsensor, path/row, lat/log, aquisition date, cloud cover, type of coralreef) of so-far obtained satellite data until 2000 was input in thedatabase.

39 Wijgerde, T. (2009). Reefs at low pH. In Coral Science. Retrieved from

Coral Reefs | The Physical Environment

38. Long, M. H., Berg, P., de Beer, D., & Zieman, J. C. (2013, March). In Situ Coral Reef Oxygen Metabolism: An Eddy Correlation Study. In PLOS ONE. Retrieved from

How Do Oil Spills Affect Coral Reefs

Forexample, coral reef flat with its zonation of algai rim, rubble bank,back reef was clearly identified by ASTER by decision tree method andbottom index using VNIR bands data.