The arch is the central revolutionary concept of Roman architecture
Concept of an ATLAS Architecture - Oxford Scholarship
Just as Jefferson believed that public education was essential to the success of an American democracy, so too did he advocate for inspired public architecture. He deplored Virginia's lack of high-quality public buildings in his (1787), calling his alma mater, the , a "rude, misshapen pile" that could be confused for a brick kiln. In 1786, Jefferson completed his design for the in —his first attempt to realize the high standards for public architecture he wished for the new republic. Based on an ancient Roman temple he had studied in France, the building exemplifies Jefferson's reverence for classicism and his burgeoning architectural talent.
It is one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering
Jefferson first combined his passions for education and architecture in 1804, when Virginia legislators approached him for advice on realizing a public university. In his design concept he described a layout that would be quite unlike that of William and Mary, which then consisted mainly of the structure currently known as the Wren Building. Fire and disease posed significant threats to a university housed in a single edifice. To minimize such risks, Jefferson a so-called village consisting of individual buildings that served both as classrooms and faculty housing, connected by a continuous covered walkway that opened onto student rooms. He further clarified this idea in 1810, when he specified that each professor's house should have private chambers on the second floor and public classrooms on the first and that the complex should be arranged "around an open square of grass and trees." He an "Academical Village."
ARCHITECTURE - University of Washington
(3) The Neoclassical style - a reversion to Greek and Roman architectural principles - which came into fashion in the second half of the 18th century.
This lesson explores the development of Baroque architecture
Influenced by archeological discoveries uncovered at the ancient Roman sites of Pompeii and Herculaneum, and by the Scottish architect Robert Adam (1728-92) and his influential book (1773), the Federal style differed from Georgian architecture in its preference for fewer pilasters/columns, and plainer surfaces with less detail, usually set within panels, tablets and friezes.
DFA – Design Forum of Architects
The octagonal outer shell is essentially a structure of this type, supported on ribs and in a pointed-arch profile; however, like Roman domes, it is cut at the top with an oculus (opening) and is surmounted by a lantern, a crowning structure made up of Roman architectural forms.