This paper is a synthesis analysis of three research ..

Synthesis development can be grouped into three main categories: acoustic models, articulatory models, and models based on the coding of natural speech. The last group includes both predictive coding and concatenative synthesis using speech waveforms. Acoustic and articulatory models have had a long history of development, while natural speech models represent a somewhat newer field. The first commercial systems were based on the acoustic terminal analog synthesizer. However, at that time, the voice quality was not good enough for general use, and approaches based on coding attracted increased interest. Articulatory models have been under continuous development, but so far this field has not been exposed to commercial applications due to incomplete models and high processing costs.

Journal of the American Chemical Society (ACS …

The model and synthesis method are illustrated with several examples of embedded systems.

Story of the Week: The Yellow Wall Paper

This paper presents concept and implementation of IPC functions which, implementing the message queue semantics of the specification language SDL, links the standard components of our multiprocessor system in an efficient manner, while at the same time pro-viding the interface synthesis needed by the automated gen-eration of a rapid prototype.

Speech synthesis is the artificial production of human speech

This perspective from which interpretations are formed is in many ways synonymous with what Donald Schön refers to as a normative frame or appreciative system: "The very invention of a move or hypothesis depends on a normative framing of the situation, a setting of some problems to be solved... It is only within the framework of an appreciative system—with its likings, preferences, values, norms, and meanings—that design experimentation can achieve a kind of objectivity... Designers differ with one another, and change over time, with respect to particular design judgments, ways of framing problems, and generic perspectives manifest in their choices of problem settings, means, and paths of inquiry." (Schön, 1984) This frame is a bias, but one that designers frequently make explicit—and often put aside, shift, embrace, or actively reflect upon, through a process of design synthesis. In this process, a series of often subjective business, technological, decorative, or functionality constraints are deemed to be true, and this becomes the normative frame.

possible Richmond smart article rewriter

In this paper, we concentrate on aspects related to the synthesis of distributed embedded systems consisting of programmable processors and application-specific hardware components.

Welcome to Department of Computer Science

1 The foundations for speech synthesis based on acoustical or articulatory modeling can be found in Fant (1960), Holmes et al. (1964), Flanagan (1972), Klatt (1976), and Allen et al. (1987). The paper by Klatt (1987) gives an extensive review of the developments in speech synthesis technology.

Linear prediction, extermal entropy and prior …

The term "articulatory modeling" is often used rather loosely. Only part of the synthesis model is usually described in physical terms, while the remaining part is described in a simplified manner. Compare, for example, the difference between a tube model that models a static shape of the vocal tract with a dynamic physical model that actually describes how the articulators move. Thus, a complete articulatory model for speech synthesis has to include several transformations. The relationship between an articulatory gesture and a sequence of vocal tract shapes must be modeled. Each shape must be transformed into some kind of tube model with its acoustic characteristics. The acoustics of the vocal tract can then be modeled in terms of an electronic network. At this point, the developer can choose to use the network as such to filter the source signal. Alternatively, the acoustics of the network can be expressed in terms of resonances that can control a formant-based synthesizer. The main difference is the domain, time, or frequency in which the acoustics is simulated.