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Aquarium Chemistry | Calcium & KH & GH & pH & …
From Chlorine and Chloramines to Phosphates, Sodium & TDSFor those looking for ACCURATE information about stepping up to a higher level of fish care including better Redox Balance, this article is a MUST READ:
The most RESEARCHED, & IN-DEPTH article on the subject of UV Sterilizer, Clarifier Use in Aquariums or Ponds ANYWHERE.
Based on over 34 years professional use too!!RELATED/RECOMMENDED PRODUCTS
An excellent stand alone product for testing your TDS from Tap, well, or even aquarium water.
A must have for any advanced aquarium keeper.
Including the premier water Buffers such as & for properly mineralizing RO/DI water or for ongoing water ion restoration.
The TMC Advanced Aquarium RO Water Filter system includes a TDS meter and operates at less than 2 cents per gallonIf you use RO Water in your Aquarium or Betta Tanks; this Article is MUST READ:
The TMC Premium Fluidized Sand Bed Filter increases Bio Capacity of any Aquarium system, with unsurpassed Bio-Filtration that NO Canister filter can equal.
The TMC Vecton UV Sterilizer is the best UV Sterilizer in UVC efficiency and quality of construction.For UV-C Replacement Bulbs to maintain your UV Sterilizer (which has an indirect impact on aquarium chemistry via Redox Balance):
Recommended for all freshwater Algae Eaters, African Cichlids, Silver Dollars, Sharks, all saltwater Damsels, Clownfish, and especially Marine Angels and Tangs
Department of Chemistry - Northwestern University
all about enthalpy, thermochemistry and the First Law of thermodynamics - An extensive, in-depth but largely non-mathematical substitute for the usual (and rather thin) textbook treatment. S.K. Lower, Simon Fraser University