Augustine's Four-fold State of Humanity

Augustine calls those societies civitates, whichwe usually translate "cities," but which more precisely meant"communities," that is, cities in their human dimension.

Augustine on the Fall of Humanity

For Augustine's account of human history in Books 15- 18, theprimary text is always scripture.

Augustine Christian Truth and Fractured Humanity, ..

Can that be? Whether he liked it or not--and I rather think he did--Augustinemust have known himself to be one of the best educated men of the day. Like amodern Etonian condemning the public schools, yet all the while conscious thatthey have made him a little different from those who were not there--thisattitude, whether social or scientific or religious, has always in it an elementof pose. The pessimistic view of all worldly activities is clear enough in the'De Civitate Dei.' But it is counteracted by that other conception under which he views history as a work of art; in that sublimesense of human power and the beauty of things which was cited in the lastlecture. Nobody who felt that, could treat the sights and sounds of earth, theoutward beauty of things or even the course and revolutions of family andnational life, as a thing of no account. A famous story of S. Bernard relateshow he passed by the lake of Geneva and was unaware. S. Augustine has picturedfor ever the scene at Ostia, in which took place the conversation with hismother, to which all the ten books of the 'Confessions' are the prologue.

If Augustine occupies a place apart in the history of humanity, ..

To Tyconius also is due the interpretation of the millennial kingdom, asexhibited by the Church. Nor does Augustine state his doctrine for the firsttime in the 'De Civitate Dei.' We find it fairly well developed in the earliertreatise, 'De Catechizandis Rudibus,' and the division of human life into sixages. The main outline is all there. It was reserved for this work to treat itwith a vast sweep of imaginative vision, so as to embrace all created existenceand to found thereon an enduring apologetic.

Butin western Christianity since Augustine there has always been aprophetic voice to proclaim the ultimate weakness of humanpolitical societies.

Jul 11, 2014 · Augustine on the Humility of God

Having established that every human being had inherited guilt from Adam, Augustine taught that this was why that all human beings were damned, even if they didn't commit any extra sins of their own.

that perhaps he had not the qualifications of a statesman

Augustine thought that humanity was originally perfect ("man's nature was created at first faultless and without any sin"), immortal and blessed with many talents, but that Adam and Eve disobeyed God, and introduced sin and death to the world.

Augustine’s Doctrine of the Bondage of Will - Monergism

Augustine's theory shows great understanding of human psychology. It provides an explanation for human suffering and guilt by teaching that those human beings somehow deserved these things.

As far as Augustine was concerned the point was that Adam had sinned and humanity had to deal with the consequences.

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Hiscontemporary Jerome had engaged in a famous battle of pamphletswith Jovinian, a monk who held views of sexuality that soundrefreshingly modern; Jerome is far more negative thanAugustine.But the implications of fallenness run far beyond the disorderof human sexuality.

Augustine began with the observation of a pastor that it is inhuman sexuality that the confusion and disorder of sin is mostvisible.


Modern people would think it unjust that human beings should suffer for something that happened long before they existed, but to people in Augustine's time the idea of punishing later generations for their parents' crimes was familiar.

Augustine then turns his focus to the social order and humanity’s place therein.

Would we have been better off if humanity had never fallen into sin?

The actionsof Christ and his church have affected only a portion of thehuman race in the conventional view of history, but for Augustineit is the Christian revelation that gives all history itsmeaning.