1. Aristotelian Statecraft and Modern Politics

The commonplaces of conservative and reformer are arrayed against one another for the first time in the Politics. Aristotle anticipates by his great power of reflection the lessons which the experience of ages has taught the modern world.

4. Virtue-oriented Politics: Confucius and Aristotle

  As Alexander's teacher, Aristotle had a close tie to the political powers of Athens.

(12) Mulgan, Aristotle's Political Theory, p. 8 makes this point.

Aristotle regards Phaleas and Hippodamus as he regards Plato, from the point of view of an adversary: he is their critic, after the manner of his age, and tells us, not what he approves, but what he disapproves in their writings. Yet it is evident that some of their political ideas had great merit. Phaleas attempted to deal with the evils of property, which he thought could most easily be remedied in an old country by a clever arrangement of dowries: we should say, probably, by restricting the power of settlement or bequest. A difficulty which pressed upon ancient legislators more than ourselves owing to the stationary character of the arts of production was the increase of population; of this difficulty Aristotle is very sensible. When men begin to feel the struggle for existence they are apt to be discontented with the government under which they live. Yet mere equality of property, even if it could be maintained, would not always content them. For all men cannot be reduced to the same dead level, even if there were enough for all. The ambitious will still commit crimes on a great scale; the possession of a competence takes away only the temptation to petty larceny. Nor can it be denied that great inequalities of property by giving a stimulus to increased production may give a larger share of the goods of life to the poor than could be obtained by any system of distribution however just.

In Politics Aristotle lays down his ideal structure of the family.

In ancient times men did not easily analyse the forms of government under which they lived. In reflections of this kind Polybius, who lived a century and a half later, though not a genius of the highest order, has made an advance upon Aristotle. His sketch of the Roman Republic is fuller and clearer than any of the constitutions described in the Politics. Yet even he, truthful as he was in the main, cannot be acquitted of partiality. His predecessor Timaeus is a bête noire to him, whom he is always attacking, but, as we should be inclined to infer from his virulence, not always with justice.

Because of this tie Aristotle wrote Politics as a guide to rulers as to how to govern a country.
Aristotle also drew a sharper distinction between morality and politics than Plato had done.

Aristotle's Politics Today - SUNY Press

Aristotle’s discussion of factional conflict in his Politics gives historical insight into Donald Trump’s meteoric rise to political popularity. Ordinary Americans are acting in defense of their perceived economic interests and against the reign of political correctness.

is fresh and full of insight.”— Carnes Lord, translator of Aristotle’s “Politics”

Aristotle: The Polis, from Politics

(11) William W. Fortenbaugh, "Aristotle on Prior and Posterior, Correct and Mistaken Constitutions," in A Companion to Aristotle's Politics, edited by David Keyt and Fred D. Miller, Jr. (Oxford: Blackwell, 1991), p. 235, notes that the virtue of the ruler provides Aristotle with an ordering principle for constitutions.

is fresh and full of insight.”— Carnes Lord, translator of Aristotle’s “Politics”

20th WCP: Aristotle's Political Virtues - Boston University

4) Thus far there is no reference to contemporary history, nor any distinct allusion to the great historians of Hellas, any more than there is a trace of their phraseology. Neither is there reason to think that the revolution effected by Philip and Alexander had any influence upon the speculations of Aristotle. He lives in the world of political philosophy, which in his view, however surprising the fact may be to us, hardly appears to stand in any relation to the facts which were passing before his eyes.