Object movement re-enactment in free-ranging Kune …

SELMA: Over the weekend, U.S District Judge Daniel Thomas in Mobile — a native Alabamian with scant sympathy for Black civil rights — issues rules that permit Clark to continue forcing Black voter applicants to line up in the alley, but he requires that 100 must be permitted to wait without being arrested. On Monday, January 25, Dr. King leads marchers to the courthouse where they line up two-by-two as ordered by Thomas. Soon the line grows to 250 or more. Clark orders that all marchers in excess of 100 be dispersed. SNCC worker Willie McRae disputes this interpretation of the judge's ruling and is immediately arrested. He goes limp, and is dragged off to a police car.

Abolitionist Movement | HistoryNet

Slavery, condition in which one human being was owned by another

Dennis Lee, His Critics and the "Skeptics" - …

The interwar years had been poor ones for the animal welfare cause, and this state of affairs largely continued into the post-war period. The situation began to alter however in the 1960s, accelerating in the seventies until a major change had come over the animal-welfare, now increasingly called animal-rights, movement. Two issues were of particular importance in this development: these were factory farming and animal experimentation.

The Films of Joseph H. Lewis - by Michael E. Grost

In an attempt to reduce these numbers, the anti-vivisection movement has since the 1950s, and more actively since the 1960s, turned to the possibilities of using substitutes. Certain scientific developments, for example tissue culture, have aided this, and a series of bodies like FRAME, the Lawson Tait and Humane Research Trusts and the Lord Dowding Fund were set up to encourage the development of alternative techniques. There has also been a growing coverage of alternatives in anti-vivisection literature, for they have been recognised as a practical way forward, and one that commands considerable public support.

In recent years a moderate lobby has developed, arguing for co-operation with scientists and for the winding down of the traditional suspicion and hostility between the two groups. While not abandoning the moral, commitment to anti-vivisection, they accept the scientific productiveness of much animal experimentation - something largely denied, or set aside in the past – and aim to encourage a reduction of levels of suffering and of numbers, and an awareness among scientists of the issues. In certain areas like the LD 50 test, anti-vivisectionists and toxicologists have found themselves agreed in their assessment of its ineffectiveness and united in opposition to the bureaucratic regulations that prescribe it. As a measure of this new co-operation, a toxicologist traditionally one of the hate figures of anti-vivisection -was invited to address the 1978 annual conference of the . Despite these favourable changes, however, relations with the scientific community are still mixed and marked by unease on both sides. The rise in particular of activism has alarmed the scientists and stirred their Research Defence Society into greater activity.

Lewis: Career Survey This article was appeared in the book The Films of Joseph H

Spirit Walk Ministry - Land Animal Spirits

Within the animal-welfare movement, the activists have formed an increasingly powerful lobby, in 1979 they won control of the wealthy British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection, intending to direct its considerable income towards aggressive publicity; and in 1980 and 1981 similar attempts were made on the RSPCA, though so far their efforts have been repulsed by the traditionalist element. The RSPCA has a long history of moderation in its aims and, certainly in the nineteenth century though also later, of class bias in the focus of its concerns. Conflict started in the 1960s with the blood sports issue and then moved on to factory farming. There is now a bitter split between the new generation of radicals and the traditionalist, county-based supporters, known as the cat-and-dog-brigade – this latter group favours welfare activities among animals, especially pets, but is less willing to take up a radical stance against animal experiments of factory farming, whereas the militants argue that these are now the significant sources of cruelty and should be attacked by all legal means.

The nonobserver group consisted of four females and two males

Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement -- History & Timeline, 1965