Fountain by Marcel DuCHAMP Flashcards | Quizlet

George Bellows, a leading painter of a gritty, realist persuasion and member of the board of the Society of Independent Artists, was similarly outraged by Fountain. According to Beatrice Wood, a young artist then in love with Duchamp, Bellows complained that it could not be exhibited as it was indecent. He suspected a joke; the name R Mutt struck him, understandably, as "fishy". Walter Arensberg countered by pointing out that the correct fee had been paid. "'You mean to say, if a man sent in horse manure glued to a canvas that we would have to accept it!', said Bellows. 'I'm afraid we would,' said Walter."

Marcel Duchamp - Fountain (1917) | Fountain 17

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Fountain by Duchamp Analyze and illustrate by example …

Thus was begun the existence of one of the most influential art works of the 20th century. Fountain will be a crucial item in the forthcoming exhibition, Duchamp, Man Ray, Picabia, at Tate Modern. Or at least a replica of it will, because one of the most piquant aspects of the history of this celebrated object is that the original was seen by only a handful of people, never publicly exhibited, and vanished shortly after that selection, signing and christening in 1917.

Marcel Duchamp Biography, Art, and Analysis of Works …

The context for the purchase and naming of Fountain was a worthy exhibition by the Society of Independent Artists, formed on the model of the Parisian Salon des Indépendants. It was to show works by anyone, subject to a fee of $1 for membership and $5 annual dues. Duchamp himself, as a celebrated foreign artist, was on the board, as were various prominent American painters and art world figures. From early on, however, Duchamp seemed tempted to subvert the whole enterprise.

04/07/2012 · Artist: Marcel Duchamp Work: L.H.O.O.Q. When: 1919 Where: Paris, France Work: Fountain When: 1917 Where: New York The Dada movement was a …
Fountain by Duchamp Analyze and illustrate by example the 'anti-art' nature of Dada. Who were they angry with and why?. (2004, June 04). …

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Subject Matter and Content
Innovation
Purpose of Artwork
Symbolism/ Meaning
Symbolic meaning of the toilet takes the conceptual challenge posed by the ready mades to their most visceral extreme
Fountain is an example of what Duchamp called a 'readymade', an ordinary manufactured object designated by the artist as a work of art.

Marcel Duchamp, Fountain, 1917/1964, porcelain urinal, paint, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker

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The board issued a statement defending its position: ‘The Fountain may be a very useful object in its place, but its place is not in an art exhibition and it is, by no definition, a work of art’ (Tate, n.d.). The story of Fountain is complicated – it was infamously photographed by Alfred Steiglitz in April 1917, shortly after which it was lost. In 1934 Andre Breton, a leading Surrealist poet, wrote an article about Duchamp, including substantial references to the Readymades and to Fountain.

Fountain gained notoriety as critics argued over its significance and during the 1950s and 60s replicas of the Readymades were made as museums and galleries put together exhibitions and collections of Duchamp’s work.
For example in 1964 Galleria Schwarz reproduced a limited edition of 8 Fountains; working with Duchamp and drawing on Steiglitz’s photograph. These were signed and dated and information including the title, dates of the original and the replica, Duchamp’s signature, the edition number and the publisher, were added to the base. This further fuelled debates concerning uniqueness and authorship which were originally initiated in 1917.

Mar 23, 2015 · Arthur Danto’s Transfiguration of the Commonplace Consider Marcel Duchamp’s Fountain. It is simply a urinal, with “R. Mutt” written on the side.

Fountain challenged status quo of the art …

Fountain is Duchamp’s most notorious Readymade which he presented for exhibition to the 1917 Society of Independent Artists under the pseudonym R. Mutt. Despite its ordinary, functional and mundane appearance, Fountain has been described as one of the most influential art works of the 20th century. Arturo Schwarz suggests that the creation of a Readymade is more complex than just choosing and signing an everyday object (Schwarz, 2008, p.125). He states that the objects were decontextualized and displaced by changing the angle from which they are viewed and by isolating, divorcing or removing them from their normal surroundings. The addition of a title or renaming is crucial, ‘displacement from the ordinary logical context was achieved by renaming the object, the new title having no obvious relationship to the object as ordinarily understood’, (Schwarz, 2008, p.125). There are a set of manoeuvres that separate and distinguish the everyday object from its art counterpart.