, so obesity and alcoholism count as diseases.
Diet and Health: Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk
Naturalists tend towards conceptual conservatism. They typicallyappeal to our intuitions about illness as support for their ownemphasis on underlying bodily malfunction. This assumes that ourcurrent concept is in good shape, that common sense and medicineshare a concept of disease, and that medicine should respect layintuitions about what is or is not a disease. Like manyphilosophers who think about other concepts with both scientific andcommon sense uses, conservative naturalists about disease think thatfolk concepts specify what counts as health and disease. The job ofmedicine is to look at the world and see if anything in nature fallsunder the concept as revealed by analysis (cf the “Canberraplan” of Jackson 1998) For revisionists, this understanding ofcommon sense's in its relation to science is needlessly submissive to folkintuitions.
Digestive system diseases - Des Moines University
Modern medicine looks naturalistic about disease. One question, then, concerns theextent to which common sense and biomedical concepts arerelated. Perhaps both have naturalist commitments, or perhaps commonsense is driven by values and medicine is not, or perhaps physiciansare really constructivists who are self-deceived or arguing in badfaith.