The Science and History of Treating Depression - The …

The 2018 Theme for National Women’s History Month is “Nevertheless, She Persisted: Honoring Women Who Fight All Forms of Discrimination Against Women.” Throughout this year, we honor fifteen outstanding women for their unrelenting and inspirational persistence, and for understanding that, by fighting all forms of discrimination against women and girls, they have shaped America’s history and our future. These 2018 Honorees refused to be silenced. Their lives demonstrate the power of voice, of taking action, and of believing that meaningful and lasting change is possible in our democratic society.

Social Science History: Society and Science History TimeLine

Culture of Italy - history, people, clothing, women, beliefs, food, customs, family, social Ge-It

Black Women Scientists Making History | ADVANCE-ing …

Through her writings and example the interest of many woman was sparked and many enrolled for training to become licensed and practicing embalmers. As Superintendent of the Women’s Department at her own mortuary, Odou organized the Women’s Licensed Embalmer Association to furnish female embalmers to families and undertakers.

Feb 07, 2011 · Black Women Scientists Making History

Since these pinnacle moments in history, Mortuary Science programs are seeing more women enrollees nationwide, making up 56.9% of attendees according to the American Board of Funeral Service Education.

More than 50 interviews with women in science, business, art, and education
Contributes to women's history studies by showing how women's contributions have …

Early Women in Science | Biodiversity Library Exhibitions

Watts illustrates how women's personal circumstances have been an important variable in their access (or lack of access) to science. The implications of class, family, faith and attitudes to education are teased out alongside descriptions of the strategies that women used to succeed. These often required them to settle for part time or junior roles, sometimes pursuing a job or research without adequate pay or recognition. The way in which biography is interweaved skilfully into the text illuminates the theoretical discussions with immediacy, and sometimes, intimacy. Alice Stewart, from a privileged background and holder of a Cambridge Natural Sciences degree, became a consultant physician in 1935. Nonetheless, she had to be content with low paid jobs which she combined with care of her family, until the Second World War changed everything. As a woman with children, Stewart could not be called up; instead, a temporary job at the Oxford Radcliffe Hospital led to a post as senior assistant at the Nuffield Hospital - an important teaching institution. Because she was part of the war effort she received help with her children and was enabled 'to leap over barriers that would otherwise have blocked my way as a woman'. Success on research projects allowed her, in 1946, to become the first woman elected to the Association of Physicians; while she also helped found the . Despite the professional respect she had earned, especially for her significant work on cancer, once the war had ended she was not awarded the chair that was the usual next step up. A chair was finally awarded to her by the University of Birmingham when she was 90 years of age. Watts records her remembering that being a woman had allowed 'her to "slip through the cracks", accepting low pay and bad prospects but able to go her own way since nobody took her seriously. A man, she thought, with his "eye on the prize" would never have stood it' (p. 176).

50 Important Women in US History Flashcards | Quizlet

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The introductory chapter sets out the theoretical ideas and debates which underpin scholarship in this area with an overview of the literature to date. Here Watts provides explorations and definitions of her key concepts: science, gender and education, all of which are interpreted very broadly to ensure maximum inclusivity. The latter is important for a study with the partial aim of recovering the involvement of women who were, for the most part, operating from the margins of science. Chapter two takes us 'From the fifth century CE to the sixteenth: Learned celibacy or knowledgeable housewifery', presented within the context of changing understandings of gender and science produced by Aristotle, Plato, Galen and less familiar philosophers. Here we find measured discussions of women such as Hypatia, the philosopher and mathematician of ancient Alexandria, and the 12th-century abbess Hildegard of Bingen. Watts places particular emphasis on the history of medicine which she identifies as 'both the oldest and the most common form of scientific activity for women' (p. 191). Women's association with medicine, herbalism, healing and midwifery is introduced here and remains a strong theme throughout the book. In the 15th century, however, such medical knowledge and skill (and the presumption to authority that it implied) could place a woman in danger of being accused of witchcraft.

Girls on Film: How women were written out of film history

Women in the Sciences | Catalyst

The 17th century was pivotal in the development of scientific thinking; chapter three, 'Dangerous knowledge: Science, gender and the beginnings of modernism', examines the flux of revolutionary ideas surfacing at this time and assesses their implications for women. Watts debates the various ways in which these changes created spaces for women in science, yet at the same time heralded a conception of science as inherently, and self-consciously, 'masculine'. For example, Descartes's separation of mind from body seemingly refuted any argument that women's power of reasoning was inferior due to her weak body, yet previous assumptions about women's incapacity for profound or abstract thought proved spectacularly tenacious. Despite the new thinking, a stress on women's passive nature and slow intellect came to dominate, in contrast to the perceived active nature of the new science and virile understandings of the men who were engaged in laying its foundations. However, some women questioned these conceptions; Watts discusses, among others, the contributions to natural philosophy of Margaret Cavendish, duchess of Newcastle, and Anne Finch, viscountess Conway. Although less familiar within the context of science, she also introduces the ideas about gender present in the work of dramatist Aphra Benn and the early 'feminist' writer on education Bathsua Makin. Watts is persuasive in describing the informal settings in which women pursued their scientific interests to whatever extent they were able. Mary Evelyn, for example, was known for her education (including mathematics) and her household skills; she also had access through her husband to Oxford scholars who held her in admiration, yet she was still excluded from more profound learning and science. Her husband was a member of the Royal Society, but as a woman, she was excluded, despite joint work with him and her taste for the new experimental philosophy. Empirical science was jealous of its standing and even the emerging institutions strove to obtain and retain masculine credibility and status.