Owens' sophomore-level course Latin America.

The traumas of the dictatorship and the subsequent socioeconomic problems gave rise to installations such as this. The artist portrays the crippling effect of nostalgia on the culture. There are ten tables each with a motif on a clump of grass, symbolizing Uruguay's agrarian culture, linked by the medical equipment used for blood tranfusions. This one reads Happy 500th birthday, in reference to the Columbian voyage of 1492, a moment in which much of Latin America was exploring its historical and contemporary realities. The use of ordinary, low cost materials is intended to be in keeping with the state of the national economy.

Latin America since the mid-20th century - …

Mörner, Magnus. Race Mixture in the History of Latin America. Boston: Little, Brown, 1967.

Latin America Summary - Mapping History

Surveys major trends in slavery for virtually every colony in Latin America, including Haiti and the Dutch Caribbean. Strong on Brazil. Examines free-black life, slave resistance, and certain cultural influences. Great for general readers, undergraduates, and advanced scholars. Contains a useful bibliographic essay. Spanish version available through the Instituto de Estudios Peruanos.

Religion and Politics in 20th Century Central America ..

The chapter summarizes, in seven “stages,” Latin American urbanization from the pre-Columbian era to the mid-20th century, which makes it valuable as an introduction to the field for undergraduates and nonspecialized readership. Interesting connections between the 19th century and the development of urban networks in the 20th across the region.

ideas about the peoples of Latin America; (2) the role of

Religion in Latin America | Pew Research Center

Perhaps as a result of the overwhelming geographical expanse of the region, few single- or dual-authored works of general synthesis exist for blacks in colonial Latin America; a notable exception is . Some books treat wider subject matters than others. In general, such works develop specific historiographical or theoretical arguments that intend to alter the broader research parameters of the field. The wider-reaching nature of these works necessarily compels them to incorporate case material from a variety of regions to help sustain larger arguments. One of the key early works that precipitated tremendous research into the nature of Latin American slavery, colonial society, and race relations was , . Tannenbaum’s ideas about comparative race relations in the Americas (and the relative benevolence of Latin American racial systems) were significantly challenged by , spawning a flurry of new research. A critical subfield, evaluating the impact of the Latin American caste system upon ideas about race and racial mixture, was crystallized by . Mörner’s work, which essentially defined Latin America as a “caste society,” helped trigger the caste-versus-class debate, which continues to today, providing a theoretical framework for discussing how blacks integrated into colonial and early national societies. In terms of synthetic works, offers a comprehensive, snapshot view of the fruits of the comparative slavery school, partly established by Tannenbaum. Among the best general surveys of the black colonial experience is . An outstanding look at the linguistic contribution of blacks is . The majority of good surveys on the black presence can be found in edited collections, of which several exist in the larger literature. By and large, these volumes feature nuanced case studies and broad-reaching introductions that help orient readers with extensive historiographical background and penetrating questions into the state of the field. Finally, a superb overview of the key literature and questions that helped launch the field of Afro-Latin American Studies is . Although that work is somewhat dated, the research agenda Bowser outlined is remarkable in the degree to which it has remained influential in shaping the trajectory of more modern works.

Latin American 20th Century Art

The article compares urbanization and urban growth in countries industrialized since the 19th century and underdeveloped regions such as Latin America. Originally published in English in 1965, it became a classic through successive editions in Spanish and updates of the collective volume that includes diverse topics and case studies.

20th century Marxism and Latin ..

Between the 1490s and the 1850s, Latin America, including the Spanish-speaking Caribbean and Brazil, imported the largest number of African slaves to the New World, generating the single-greatest concentration of black populations outside of the African continent. This pivotal moment in the transfer of African peoples was also a transformational time during which the interrelationships among blacks, Native Americans, and whites produced the essential cultural and demographic framework that would define the region for centuries. What distinguishes colonial Latin America from other places in the Western hemisphere is the degree to which the black experience was defined not just by slavery but by freedom. In the late 18th century, over a million blacks and mulattoes in the region were freedmen and women, exercising a tremendously wide variety of roles in their respective societies. Even within the framework of slavery, Latin America presents a special case. Particularly on the mainland, the forces of the market economy, the design of social hierarchies, the impact of Iberian legal codes, the influence of Catholicism, the demographic impact of Native Americans, and the presence of a substantial mixed-race population provided a context for slavery that would dictate a different course for black life than elsewhere. Thanks to the ways in which modern archives have been configured since the 19th century, and the nationalistic framework within which much research has been produced in the 20th and early 21st centuries, the vast literature examining Latin America’s black colonial past focuses upon geographic areas that correspond roughly to current national and regional borders. This is a partial distortion of the reality of the colonial world, where colonies were organized rather differently than what we see today. However, there are a number of valid reasons for adhering to a nationalist-centered framework in the organization of this bibliography, not the least of which is being able to provide crucial background material for exploring how black populations contributed to the development of certain nation-states, as well as for understanding how blacks may have benefited from, or been hurt by, the break between the colonial and nationalist regimes. Overall, the body of literature surveyed here speaks to several scholarly trends that have marked the 20th and early 21st centuries—the rise of the comparative slavery school, scholarship on black identity, queries into the nature of the African diaspora, assessments of the power wielded by marginalized populations, racial formation processes, creolization, and examinations of the sociocultural structures that governed colonial and early national life.